What is implantology and what does it provide?
The lack of one or more teeth is a serious problem in dental practice.
Implantology has allowed it to fill in the smaller or larger number of teeth, keeping the neighboring teeth, which is the only biologically correct way. Application of dental implant restores function in alveolar bone and thus prevents atrophy (deterioration) of bone, which is the basis for the normal function of the entire stomatognathic system.
With edentulous patients, by using implants, it is possible to provide better stability for removable prosthetic restorations.
What are dental implants?
Dental implants are allogenic materials made of titanium and its alloys.
They are extremely lightweight and strong. Biocompatibility is the most important characteristics of titanium.
In dentistry, the most commonly used endosseous implants.
What is the procedure for installing dental implants?
Before installing the implant, it is necessary to do X-rays (digital panoramic X, 3D video), and clinical examination.
After analyzing the X-ray pictures, further treatment is planned.
Installation of the implant is carried out with the use of local anesthesia and is completely painless for the patient. The implant is surgically implanted into the alveolar bone. After implantation, followed by a period during which the implant osseointegrate with the alveolar bone. This period ranges from 2 to 6 months depending on bone quality and type of implant. There are implant systems that can be loaded immediately after implantation.
After a period of osseointegration, a prosthetic part of the treatment follows, which involves placing the superstructure to integrated implants and the production of prosthetic restorations.
The advantages of implant-prosthetic treatment are reflected in the preservation of the function of the alveolar bone, natural teeth and better aesthetics.
At Magic Dent, we use Straumann implant system, which is the leading implant systems in the world.
Reliability, quality, and guarantee are just some of the features because of which we use Straumann implants.
Removable dentures on implants
Removable dentures on implants present a significant step for patients who, for certain reasons cannot receive fixed prosthetic work, bridges or crowns, resp.
Patients who do not have satisfactory conditions in their mouth to have a complete denture.
In this case, implants give stability and retention to a complete denture.
For a complete denture, it usually takes 4 to 6 implants in the upper jaw, while it takes 2 to 4 implants in the lower jaw, for the stability of the denture. In the upper jaw, If the complete denture relies on 4 to 6 implants, it is possible to reduce the palate of the denture, thus giving a patient the possibility of sensing the taste of food.
The advantages of making complete dentures on implants:
- Major stability and safety in everyday activities
- There is no need to use crèmes for fixing dentures
- A better sense of taste, for hot and cold
- The possibility of consuming more food types
- They hold the natural face appearance
- Prevention of further bone degradation
Implant placement requires adequate jawbone volume. Height and width of the jawbone directly affect implant stability.
Rebuilding or augmentation of alveolar bone is the method used to replace the lost bone.
These procedures involve grafting (adding) bone collected from patients’ own jaw (autotransplantat) or bonelike materials to the implantation site.
After grafting the use of the collagenous membrane is necessary for a bone to heal. Build up of the lost alveolar bone is also known as GBR ( guided bone regeneration) procedure.
It is mostly used for placing endosteal implants. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia and is completely painless.
Extraction of posterior teeth in the upper jaw is usually followed by atrophy of alveolar bone.
The main purpose of the sinus lift is to increase the alveolar bone volume.
The sinus lift is the surgical procedure which aims to increase the amount of bone in the posterior maxilla. It involves lifting the sinus membrane and grafting bonelike material on the site. The procedure is indicated if the height of the alveolar bone is less than 10 mm.
There are 2 types of sinus lift technique: crestal approach and lateral antrostomy. Crestal approach is done when the sinus flor needs to be lifted less than 4 mm.
Lateral antrostomy involves cutting a small „ window“ on the front wall of the upper jaw, separating the membrane from the bone and placing bone graft materials into the newly created space.
If the height of alveolar bone is just below the needed one, it is possible to do the sinus lift and to place the implant in one action.
No matter which type of sinus lift technique is performed, prosthodontic work can be done 6 -8 months afterward.
The procedure is done under local anesthesia and is completely painless.